Today, none of our lives are untouched by computers and technology. It’s part of almost everything we have in our ‘modern day’ lives—from our cars to the mobile phones we use. And technology is as such changing rapidly to make our living more and more comfortable. Because of this, computer science—which comprises of computer technology, information technology, computer networks, software technology, information science and engineering, computer applications, cyber forensics and information security—is the most in-demand stream of engineering.
Understanding the many facets of computing is a necessary skill for an aspiring computer science engineer. Whether he or she wants to create the next best code or to build a software to read out loud a joke with feeling, studying computing will give him or her the ability to solve complex problems, and a career that will never be obsolete.
As this digital age needs competent computer engineers, they need to be able to theorize, design, develop, and maintain software and hardware required for the programmes we use every day.
Computer engineers are the ones who have made our lives easy with every day innovation. According to a Forbes article, computer engineers were among some of the top earning people in 2016. Computer engineers can work on any one or several of the hundreds of areas that are getting more and more niche nowadays.
These are some of the current trends in the world of computer engineering and technology. Any person who has done computer engineering can focus on any of the following to get a clear path in their future career:
- Internet of Things (IoT): The Internet of things is the concept of connecting any device to the Internet and other connected devices. The IoT is the ever-growing network of Internet-enabled gadgets—from smart microwaves that can start cooking cycles from anywhere with your smartphone and receive alerts when food is ready, to wearable fitness devices that can monitor your heart rate and track your sleep. The curriculum of computer engineering provides students with a thorough knowledge of wireless communication, sensor-network design and computer-network infrastructure, which caters to the modern IoT market perspective.
- Machine Learning: Machine learning is the field of study that gives computers the capability to learn without being explicitly programmed. It allows the computers to learn automatically, without human intervention or assistance, and adjust their actions accordingly. Computer engineering imparts the fundamental concepts of knowledge representation, natural language processing, cognitive modelling, and intelligent reasoning necessary for machine learning.
- Cyber Security: Cyber security is the practice of defending computers and servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks and data from attack, damage or unauthorized access. A computer engineering program includes cryptography, formal methods, and secure software engineering vital for cyber security. During the course of their education, students are expected to become ethical hackers as they are challenged to identify flaws in computing devices and networks; to perform cryptanalyses of classical and modern ciphers, and to trace attacks while auditing systems.