The interdisciplinary field of science that involves the design and discovery of new materials, especially solids, is called materials science. Now recognised as a distinct field of science and engineering, the current definition of materials science is the hybridisation of metallurgy, ceramics, solid-state physics and chemistry—making it an academic discipline rising from the fusion of several disparate fields.
Material scientists learn about the history of a material and its processing influences, its structure and properties by analysing it down to its atomic structure and its possible uses. They may also be involved in the creation of new materials for novel applications and develop currently existing materials to enhance performance. Material Sciences Engineering finds applications all across the spectrum of research areas like biomaterials, metallurgy, forensic engineering and nanotechnology.
Students wishing to pursue a career in materials science and engineering must possess a thorough understanding and interest in the fields of mathematics, physics and chemistry. A strong sense of analytical thinking is required to understand and reason the properties of a given material and their use. An innate problem-solving mentality is a favourable quality in aspiring materials science engineers. Effective communication skills, which includes verbal and written communication, would fare aspirants well so that they can effectively convey their findings to their contemporaries and peers.