Automotive Engineering for Electric Vehicles is nothing but educating and training vehicle developers. Also, offering them in-depth technical training for R&D of next-generation low-carbon or non-carbon vehicles. Even with the high demand for electrical vehicles, automotive engineering will still have a lot of scopes. Automotive engineers are also involved in making electric cars. Only the internal combustion engine gets replaced in the case of electric vehicles. Everything else remains almost the same. Hence, these things will remain under automotive engineering. Another area of concern is that even though gearboxes might get out of phase, there will still be the body, aerodynamics strength and weight, braking system, suspension, cooling, and ventilation. Automotive engineers will continue to work on these areas in the future. They come up with new and innovative ideas. Other things that need an automotive engineer are from designing to industrialization. Such as the mechanical parts of electric motor, upper body parts, suspension, installation of plants, etc. The Propulsion system is the only difference between an electric car and a conventional car. Everything else remains the same and requires automotive engineers to work on them.
Cars have complex products, with many components. These are designed and tested by mechanical engineers. Before ever even entering production. But, the rise of electric cars with their simpler internal layouts could alter what automotive engineers contribute to vehicles.
The main challenges that need specific attention from automotive engineers are:
· The challenge to replace various composites, plastics, and aluminum alloys with sheet-metal steel. This is essential to the torque of an electric motor and minimizing the loss of energy as heat.
· The high demand for lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries.
· The development of mechatronics hardware. To make AC/DC inverters and high-amperage/voltage motor controls. This equipment should also withstand constant vibrations and variations in temperature.
· The need to design, test, and install different infrastructures supporting EVs. For example, mechanical engineers may contribute to the charging stations necessary for recharging an EV on the go.
Also, mechanical engineers can focus on specific components. Such as drivetrains, transmissions, and steering controls of EVs. These are carryovers from traditional auto manufacturing. other carryovers are brakes, suspension, and heating/cooling systems. Hence, there is still more important work for automotive engineers to perform. This ensures the efficiency, safety, and cost-effectiveness of mass-produced electric vehicles.
The manufacturing of cars has become more automated. Mechanical engineers are also involved in the front. To create the robots and other machines that drive automotive assembly lines. Engineers do not always work over the specifications of an engine or wiring. But they also assist in the selection and application of materials during manufacturing. More specifically, automotive engineers will apply the knowledge of fluid mechanics and tribology. This will determine the ideal combination of material and design in a component. For example, a hood cover or a taillight on an EV. Hence, the prospects of electric cars and automotive engineering go hand in hand.