Working in the technology business is varied, ranging from customer service and technical assistance to creating a new cloud system and analysing multiple rows and columns of data. As a result of this diversity, job seekers must be prepared with the necessary abilities.


Security has become more important than ever because to technological advancements. Security is essential in every aspect of the computer business, from help desks to networking roles. These abilities will be useful if you want to work in the IT area.

  • Physical, network, and software security are all things you should be familiar with.
  • Firewalls and routers must be installed and maintained.
  • Encryption of all data
  • Threat analysis and risk mitigation approach
  • Knowledge of PCI-DSS, HIPAA, and CCPA compliance requirements and standards
  • Penetration testing and ethical hacking


You should be able to program if you wish to produce software, applications, or websites. Due to the fact that automation is taking over many industrial duties, a few programming languages must be mastered.

  • Python
  • C++
  • JavaScript
  • Ruby
  • PowerShell

Data Analysis

When you consider how much data each of us generates in a day, and the competitive advantage it provides organisations through insights, data analysis becomes a key function. Analysing data aids in performance monitoring, detecting security concerns, and identifying inefficiencies in company processes. The following are important abilities to have:

  • SQL
  • Statistics
  • Python

Networks and Systems

If computers just quit operating, business operations will grind to a halt. The IT department's job is to ensure that all gadgets are working properly. System administrators and network administrators are two jobs that are connected to this. These abilities are transportable and can be applied to cloud administration and security as well. The following are the fundamental abilities:

  • Managing a variety of operating systems, such as Windows and Mac
  • Putting together and configuring computer hardware and software
  • Administration and apps on the cloud
  • Keeping systems including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), storage area networks (SANs), and virtual private networks up and running (VPNs)
  • Troubleshooting
  • Assisting staff with computer issues

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing abilities cover everything from establishing the correct cloud architecture to maintaining and updating the systems in 2021, making it one of the most in-demand skills internationally. Working in the cloud can lead to positions such as cloud developer, cloud administrator, and cloud architect. All of this will be feasible if you have the following fundamental skills:

  • AWS
  • Google Cloud
  • Azure
  • Oracle

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Following AI, machine learning has become one of the most promising fields. Not only ML engineers, but also programmers and data specialists, require machine learning skills. It's critical to understand the fundamentals of ML-like:

  • Kernels
  • Clustering
  • Deep learning techniques
  • Parametric and nonparametric algorithms