With the importance of data speed increasing by the day, 5G has become a crucial development everyone is looking forward to for all types of reasons. Within the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, the misconceptions surrounding 5G were multiple with the technology even blamed for the spread of coronavirus across the world. In many countries, including developed ones like the United Kingdom, these led to people even vandalising 5G towers out of angst.

In a recent report by Deloitte, the conclusions are that the fears around 5G are grossly overblown. It is impossible that 5G waves are strong enough to impact the wellbeing and health of any single individual, irrespective of them being a 5G user, someone using an opposite generation of mobile phones, or a person within a mobile network but who is not using a mobile device, says the report.

Delving deep into the subject, the report further states that the foremost common perception about 5G is that it causes cancer, and thus the second fear is that 5G-emitted radiation weakens the human immune system, enabling diseases like COVID-19 to spread and contaminate more rapidly. And all this despite extensive scientific evidence proving that mobile technologies have no such adverse health impacts. Even today, reports suggest that around 10-20 per cent of adults in multiple advanced economies will mistakenly equate 5G with possible harm to their health.

Technology experts vouch that despite 5G generating advanced radiations to transmit, all waves are controlled at very safe levels with zero radioactive radiation. All 5G base stations and phones, and thus the frequency ranges within which 5G operates, no matter the level of development in technology, is sure to operate well within safe parameters in 2021 and throughout the said 5G technology lifetime which can be as long as 20 years.

5G is not the first technology to get brickbats for being harmful, the previous mobile technologies (2G, 3G, 4G) have been attacked too with unfounded accusations of health risks. Not just these, there are also public concerns about the impact of other wireless technologies (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, etc.) because of the transmission of radio waves.

When compared, experts suggest that the power transmitted by mobile phones in 2021 will at most reach up to 2 watts, depending on the age of the phone. It can also be as low as 0.001 watts. When compared to other devices like CB radios which have been in use for several years and radiate up to four watts, this is still minimal.

To conclude, 5G is designed to be easier to use than all previous mobile technologies. Guaranteeing higher speeds and low latency, the technology also assures less power than 4G or 3G, and hence, consuming and emitting lesser power.

What’s more, 5G base stations can also be switched to sleep mode when there aren't any active users, a feature non-existent in the current 4G networks. This will lead to more power conservation and less energy wastage too. Hence, 5G should not be looked down upon, instead, the benefits should be comprehended before any opinion is formed against it. If you believe the experts, 5G is the future of a sustainable communication medium, not just for today but for years to come.